18th
Feb
2013

Posted in Kafevend Blog

In 1699, the Dutch governor in Malabar, India, sent coffee seedlings to the Dutch governor of Batavia ( now known as Jakarta) on the island of Java, part of Indonesia. Following a bungled attempt in 1696, where flooding ruined the seedlings, this later batch flourished, with the first export in 1711. Production ramped up quickly and by 1725, the Dutch had snatched the monopoly on coffee from Arabia, a state of affairs that they proceeded to maintain for 55 years. However, this wasn't great news for those who grew the Dutch their coffee; tens of thousands of slaves were imported from countries like India and China, as well as from other lands making up Indonesia.


Nowadays, coffee is grown all over Indonesia- renowned coffee producing areas include Java, Sumatra and Papua (New Guinea as a whole is a coffee producer, but only the western half of the island is part of Indonesia). Ironically, despite the early exploitation by the Dutch, Indonesians have taken to growing coffee on their own terms. Over 90% of the coffee produced is grown by smallholders, often belonging to cooperatives. The third largest coffee producer in the world, producing large amounts of robusta ( responsible for a large amount of instant coffee), Indonesia possesses a wide variety of coffees to try.

by Kafevend

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